Ecology VS. Environmental Science How It Relates To Our Economy

Environmental policies of a nation are without a doubt related to its economy. There are costs associated with energy resources and the effect of the resources on the environment, as well as costs and benefits associated with depletion of the environment that relates to air pollution, water pollution, solid waste management, toxic waste, fossil fuels, global warming, and so on. Environmental economics The field of economics that deals with the environment is referred to environmental economics. This is a sub field of economics, which emphasizes on economy and describes economy as a subsystem of ecosystem. Environmental economics also focuses on preservation of our natural capitals, such as land air, water, mining, fossils, and all other natural resources. Ecological economics Ecological economics is another field of economics which is defined as both interdisciplinary, and transdisciplinary academic fields of study, aiming to focus on the co-evolution and interdependence of natural ecosystems and human economies over a given period of time and place. The difference between environmental economics and ecological economics is that environmental economics makes mainstream economic study of the environment. Economy is treated as a “subsystem” of the ecosystem, emphasizing on prevention of natural capitals. Ecology VS. Economics From definition of the two fields of economics, we can clearly see that both the fields of economics consider eco-system as the main system that controls economy of a given space and time. Many people thought about doing something good about the environment but it seemed to interfere with economy and how they build their wealth. Both ecology and economy was viewed as two separate and independent fields and most people thought...

Blog Highlights from 1/21/2014 – 2/3/2014

  2014 National Biodiesel Conference + Expo – Official Blog Highlights from January 27 Highlights from official blog of the 2014 National Biodiesel Our Sustainable Path To Success: A Progress Report – This report focuses on issues material to our business, organized into three primary sections: Environmental Stewardship, Social and Governance. WSP Media Highlights – 2013 – WSP research on the water soft path approach is mentioned in this December 2013 article in The Castlegar Source about the need to “think outside the box” when it comes to long-term planning for water use in B.C.’s Kettle River watershed Smart Blog On Food and Beverages – As packaging becomes almost as important as the product it holds, packaging design has been elevated to an art form. NRDC Blog Highlights Cornell’s Sports Greening Efforts | Cornell Sustainable Campus Blog highlights form Cornell University 2012 Highlights: Sustainable Forestry This week, we are celebrating our achievements from the past year, where we have seen our rates of growth soar. Today, we focus on our efforts in sustainable forestry…...

New FDA And Federal Government Regulations Of Livestock

New FDA requirements for livestock antibiotics There have been several significant changes announced by the Food and Drugs Administration regarding the use of antibiotics in livestock. According to the new regulations of the U. S FDA, and Veterinary Feed Directives (VFD), a veterinary will need to supervise the use of antibiotic drugs on livestock. The American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA) has been supportive of sensible drug use by veterinarians, and has been working with the U. S FDA to shape regulations to standardize the medical use among animals to develop processes and principles that promote proper use of antimicrobial among animal farmers. The announcement made by FDA on December 11 2013was somewhat a result of a lawsuit in 2012 by the Defense Council, which put pressure on FDA. Pressure from other public health organizations as well as AVMA made it easier for FDA to make its decision. Requirement for livestock identification by Federal Government The federal government has recently launched a “livestock identification” program. According to experts, this would not be an extra burden for the cattle farmers. The Federal and State laws require that dairy cows and cattle over the age of 18 be registered when they are being transported across the state lines. Some acceptable forms of identifications such as a ear tag has to be displayed on the livestock while transporting them. Each animal is given an identification number attached with the ear tags. In some cases farmers also use tattoos or old fashioned branding on animals, which is also acceptable. The new regulations of the animal identification will help the government to track animals in...

Livestock Health – Causes Care & Cures Of Common Cattle Diseases

If you are raising cattle in your farm, it is very important to know the types of diseases your cattle can suffer from to best manage and treat these diseases. Most of the diseases of cattle or any farm animal can be prevented through proper management and care. Tick Damage If your farm animals are suffering from ticks, they can cause severe damage to your cattle if left untreated for a long time, especially around ears and udder. The wounds made by ticks can be worsened by flies or bacterial infections. It is important to identify the tick attack early. Some ticks are more dangerous than others and cause greater damage, such as the ticks that cause heart water, red water and gall sickness in cattle. Prevention and tick control Use tick control products that are easy to use on your cattle. You may find pour-on, spray-on, or plunge-dip products found at your local farm supply stores. If you have the proper facilities, use the plunge dip methods. Pour-on could be expensive but the easiest method to use. To prevent tick attacks, keep the heavily effected animals separate as soon as identified. Check for ticks once a week in the wet seasons and once every two weeks in the dry seasons. Use vaccination to protect your cattle against tick borne disease. Anthrax Anthrax is a fatal disease caused by bacteria in cattle. It is also highly infections and causes fatality in farm animals across every continents of the world. Animals usually show signs of illness within two to seven days after swallowing the spores of bacteria, which produce extremely...

Turn Your Trash Into Art – Ideas To Create Art From Recycled Materials

Benefits of recycling Recycling makes use of materials that would otherwise be thrown in the landfill by processing and collecting trash or waste materials. Recycling can benefit the environment and community by minimizing the amount of garbage thrown out. It also helps to conserve resources by minimizing mining, cutting down trees, saving energy, water and fertilizers associated with farming and also help to reduce the amount of waste sent to landfills. Recycling also saves the energy needed in mining, and reduces the green house gases. Therefore, recycling your household waste can be an essential element for sustainability. Turning waste into art Many people have the artistic ability to turn junk into art. Some of the artists can really boast about how environmentally conscious they are and how they can make junk beautiful. It is not only for children’s art and craft, but anyone of any age can practice using materials that they would usually throw away and turn them into art. Some of the artists can make incredible master pieces from recycled materials. Recycled art ideas We all know the old saying “one man’s junk another man’s treasure.” We could create art form just about anything we want if we have the eye for it. There can be great pleasure found in creating art from the things you would normally throw away. Some of the materials that may be used for creating art are old Christmas wrapping papers that could be recycled, old metal tin, buttons, old metal straps and so on. If your kitchen could use some extra touch, you can remodel your kitchen or bathroom with old...

Sustainable Systems For Fish Farming – Managing Pests & diseases

Through fish farming, our source of protein and nutrition has found new sources and possibilities. Using our ponds and fresh water, we are able to produce more food in the water and benefit from it. It has also boosted our seafood industry, making the seasonal seafood supply available at any time of the year. The aquaculture industry is growing rapidly and with it many have questioned the sustainability issues of fish farming. It is also important to manage pests and diseases effectively to increase production. Enhancing fish habitat Improving the natural habitat in your pond can increase the fish production and population of your fish farm. Create structures to cover and provide shelters for your young fish in case they are attacked by predators or unwanted reptiles, increasing their chances of survival and growth. Managing Predators and water quality Managing unwanted predators for fish farm such as birds, reptiles, unwanted carnivorous fish, wild fish, insects, and fishing by man is essential for any fish farm. Fish production can also be affected by diseases, reduction of quality feed, water quality, overcro wded ponds, and so on. Fish farm quality can also be reduced if enough oxygen is not supplied, especially for delicate and exotic fish farming. Decomposition or fouling weed and dead animals can also harm the water quality, reduce water quality and limit the fish movement on the surface. · Placing a swan decoy Placing a swan decoy on your fish pond can limit geese from attacking your pond. Swans are highly territorial. Once a swan decoy is placed, gees will be discouraged to opt the pond and go...